The history of Sikkim is a northeastern state of India and it borders China in its north and east, Bhutan in its east, Nepal in its west and the Indian state of West Bengal in its south. This state being a part of inner mountain ranges of Himalayas, is hilly having varied elevation ranging from 300 to 8540 meters. Tourists can find most fascinating sights, sounds and feelings. Sikkim is a dream that one can enjoy and realize, now that the area is open to all.It’s kingdom was founded on the Silk Road by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. After 1947 Sikkim was ruled by a Buddhist priestking andbecame a princely state of British India in 1890.
Sikkim State Information
Capital : Gangtok
Languages: Lepcha, Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Limbu
Sikkim has 4 districts: East, North, South and West.
Sikkim Travel Information
in north side, one can visit Changthang (the origin of the river Teesta), Yumthang (140 km from Gangtok), Singba Rhododendron Sanctuary (137 km from Gangtok), and also the Kanchanjunga National Park. In the eastern part of the Sikkim, can visit the capital Gangtok. Other sites in eastern state are The Directorate of Handicraft and Handloom, White Hall, Ridge Garden, Do-Drul Chorten Stupa, Sikkim Research Institute of Tibetology, Rumtek Dharma Chakra Center, Tashi View Point, Ganesh Tok, Hanuman Tok, the Fambong La Wildlife Sanctuary, and the Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary. In west Sikkim one can see the Rabdentse ruins, Pelling, and the former capital Yuksom. South Sikkim is famous for trekking and offers some of the best treks in the region. One can walk through the sylvan mountains of Namtse, 100 km from Gangtok, and Tendong hill, Varsey, Borong, Maenam hill, and Ravangla. The state offers a wide range of adventure sports opportunities, including mountaineering in the Himalayas. For trekking, one can follow any of the four trek routes: the Monastic Trek, Rhododendron Trek, Kanchanjunga Trek and Coronation Trek. River rafting is possible in the rough waters of the Teesta and Rangit. Kayaking is arranged on the Teesta on special request. Yak safari is arranged from Dzongri onwards. In north and west Sikkim, mountain biking is very popular these days. Jorethang, in west Sikkim, and certain parts of north Sikkim are popular locales for paragliding.
The largest river of Sikkim is Tista. The Teesta river divides the states into two parts. Teesta also called as Ganga of the state of Sikkim as most of the Sikkim’s settlements are found along the banks of this river.
literacy rate in Sikkim is 69.68% as per 2001 census, which breaks up into 76.73% for males and 61.46% for females. There are total of 1545 government-run educational institutions and 18 private schools mostly located in the towns and also are about twelve colleges and other institutions in Sikkim that offer higher education. The largest institution is the Sikkim Manipal University of Health Medical and Technological Sciences, which offers higher education in engineering, medicine and management. It also runs a host of distance education in diverse fields.